Avançado 8. NOUN + NOUN (part 1 of 2)


We often use two nouns together (noun + noun) to mean one thing/person/idea, etc. For example: a tennis ball, a bank manager, a road accident, income tax, the city center.

The first noun is like an adjective - it tells us what kind of thing/person/idea, etc. For example:
A tennis ball = a ball used to play tennis.
A road accident = an accident that happens on the road.
Income tax = tax that you pay on your income.
The sea temperature = the temperature of the sea.
A London doctor = a doctor from London.

So you can say:
A television camera, a television program, a television studio, a television producer (all different things or people to do with television).
Language problems, marriage problems, health problems, work problems (all different kind of problems).

Compare:
Garden vegetables (vegetables that are grown in a garden).
A vegetable garden (a garden where vegetables are grown).

Often the first word end s in -ing. Usually there are things used for doing something. For example:
A washing machine
A frying pan
A swimming pool
The dining room

Sometimes there are more than two nouns together:
I waited at the hotel reception desk (a desk).
We watched the World Swimming Championships on television.
If you want to play table tennis (a game), you need a table tennis table (a table)

To continue, with exercise on part 2.

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